On behalf of the Norwegian government, the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) requires that the electricity distribution charge consist of a fixed standing charge and an energy-related component.
A network operator’s costs depend not so much on the individual customer’s electricity consumption as on the overall number of customers the network supplies. The standing charge reflects these costs. The size of the standing charge varies slightly from network operator to network operator. It is also common for different customer groups to pay a different standing charge. Both the consumption charge and the contribution to the energy fund are collected via the energy-related component of the electricity distribution charge.
You pay a price per kWh of electricity you use. Someone who uses a lot of electricity uses the distribution network more and therefore pays a larger proportion of the cost of its upkeep. If you use little electricity, you pay less. The price per kWh is slightly lower in the summer than in the winter.